This sacrament acknowledges the fragility of man. 

The sacrament is for the living, not the deceased, and for those times of stress and duress of health and well-being, wherein the providence of God sometimes restores physical health and well-being and always communicates grace and spiritual forgiveness and well-being. 

It is important for the Catholic faithful to seek this anointing from the priest as often as they become ill and whenever the threat to one’s life is present because of sickness or old age (James 5:14-16). 

The priest administers the sacrament of anointing upon request and at times during a communal celebration of the sacrament within a celebration of the Sunday Mass. 

This communal celebration if usually offered in the parish two times in the year – once during Advent and one during Lent.